IP Ratings & Standards Explained
What is an IP Rating?
The IP rating or IP code classifies the degree of protection provided by an enclosure for electrical equipment with a rated voltage not exceeding 72.5 kV.
IP ratings are defined by the international standard EN 60529 (British Standard BS EN 60529:1992).
This standard defines levels of sealing effectiveness against “ingress” i.e. intrusion from foreign bodies such as tools, dirt and liquid water.
What do the two digits in an IP Rating mean?
The rating consists of the letters IP followed by two digits, the higher the number the better the protection. Sometimes a number is replaced by X, which indicates that the enclosure is not rated for that specification.
|First digit||Intrusion protection||Second digit||Moisture protection|
|0||No protection.||0||No protection.|
|1||Protected against solid objects over 50mm, e.g. accidental touch by hands.||1||Protected against vertically falling drops of water, e.g. condensation.|
|2||Protected against solid objects over 12mm, e.g. fingers.||2||Protected against direct sprays of water up to 15 degrees from the vertical.|
|3||Protected against solid objects over 2.5mm, e.g. tools & wires.||3||Protected against direct sprays of water up to 60 degrees from the vertical.|
|4||Protected against solid objects over 1mm, e.g. wires & nails.||4||Protected against water splashed from all directions, limited ingress permitted.|
|5||Protected against dust limited ingress, no harmful deposits.||5||Protected against low pressure jets of water from all directions, limited ingress permitted.|
|6||Totally protected against dust.||6||Protected against strong jets of water, e.g. on ships deck, limited ingress permitted.|